20 of the World’s biggest unsolved mysteries – Part 2

Who does not like a good mystery story? For despite all the technology and access to information we have today, there are some facts, messages and intriguing objects whose purpose and provenance could never be explained. The staff of the mother nature network site has posted an interesting story that brings together some of the greatest mysteries in the world that have never been solved, and you can check out some of them in the selection below.

Few stories have the power to captivate us more than those that remain unresolved. Codes, puzzles and cryptic public art tease us with their intrigue: Why is their message coded? What great secrets might they hide?

Despite the efforts of our most revered historians, cleverest cryptographers and most determined treasure hunters, history is replete with riddles that continue to confound us today. Fictional tales like those featured in “The Da Vinci Code” and the movie “National Treasure” have got nothing on these real-life puzzles. Here’s our list of 20 of the world’s most unsolved mysteries and codes that still need answers in 2020!

This is the part 2. Click here to see “20 of the World’s biggest unsolved mysteries – Part 1“.

11 – The Enigmatic Nazca Lines of Peru

Located in the arid Peruvian coastal plain, some 400 km south of Lima, the geoglyphs of Nazca cover an incredible 450 km 2. They are among archaeology’s greatest enigmas because of their quantity, nature, size and continuity. The geoglyphs depict living creatures, stylized plants and imaginary beings, as well as geometric figures several kilometres long. The startling feature of the Nazca geoglyphs is that they can only really be appreciated from the air, raising questions about how and why they were created.

The Nazca Lines are a collection of giant geoglyphs—designs or motifs etched into the ground. Created by the ancient Nazca culture in South America, and depicting various plants, animals, and shapes, the 2,000-year-old Nazca Lines can only be fully appreciated when viewed from the air given their massive size. Despite being studied for over 80 years, the geoglyphs—which were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994—are still a mystery to researchers.

12 – The Giant Spheres of Costa Rica

While clearing the jungle for banana plantations in 1940 in Costa Rica’s Diquis Delta region, employees of the United Fruit Company uncovered numerous large stone spheres partly buried in the forest floor. Around 300 spheres are known to exist, with the largest weighing 16 tonnes and measuring eight feet in diameter, and the smallest being no bigger than a basketball.

Almost all of them are made of granodiorite, a hard, igneous stone. Since their discovery the true purpose of the spheres, which still eludes experts, has been the subject of speculation ranging from theories about the balls being navigational aids, to relics related to Stonehenge, the product of an unknown ancient civilization or visits from extraterrestrials. Part of the mystery surrounds the way in which they were created as the near-perfect spheres appear to have come from a quarry that was more than 50 miles away and they were created in a time in which metal tools had apparently not been invented yet. However, the biggest mystery remains what they were used for. The people who made them didn’t leave any written record and there no myths or legends or other stories that are told by the indigenous people of Costa Rica about why the spheres were made.

No one is sure exactly when or how they were made, or for what reason, but, according to University of Kansas archeologist John Hoopes, “The balls were most likely made by reducing round boulders to a spherical shape through a combination of controlled fracture, pecking, and grinding.” They were likely the product of an extinct civilization of people that existed in the area between 700 CE and 1530 CE.

13 – The Zodiac letters

he Zodiac letters are a series of four encrypted messages believed to have been written by the famous Zodiac Killer, a serial killer who terrorized residents of the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The letters were likely written as a way to taunt journalists and police, and though one of the messages has been deciphered, the three others, like the cipher at the bottom of this letter, remain uncracked.

The identity of the Zodiac Killer also remains once a best unsolved mysteries, though no Zodiac murders have been identified since 1970.

14 – Georgia Guidestones

The Georgia Guidestones, sometimes referred to as the “American Stonehenge,” is a granite monument erected in Elbert County, Georgia, in 1979. The stones are engraved in eight languages — English, Spanish, Swahili, Hindi, Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese and Russian — each relaying 10 “new” commandments for “an Age of Reason.” The stones also line up with certain astronomical features.

Though the monument contains no encrypted messages, its purpose and origin remain shrouded in mystery. They were commissioned by a man who has yet to be properly identified, who went by the pseudonym of R.C. Christian.

Of the 10 commandments, the first one is perhaps the most controversial: “Maintain humanity under 500,000,000 in perpetual balance with nature.” Many have taken it to be a license to cull the human population down to the specified number, and critics of the stones have called for them to be destroyed. Some conspiracy theorists even believe they may have been designed by a “Luciferian secret society” calling for a new world order.

15 – Rongorongo

Rongorongo is a form of writing or proto-writing discovered on Easter Island in the Pacific during the 19th century. It was first mentioned in a 1866 report by Eugène Eyraud, who landed on the island in 1864. Many attempts have been made to decipher the script, but none have so far been successful. Some symbols that are thought to represent dates and genealogical information have been identified, although nobody knows how to read them.

Many believe they represent a lost system of writing or proto-writing and could be one of just three or four independent inventions of writing in human history. The glyphs remain undecipherable, and their true messages — which some believe could offer hints about the perplexing collapse of the statue-building Easter Island civilization — may be lost forever.

16 – Area 51

We could say Area 51 is the pinnacle of unsolved mysteries. Just how famous is it? Ask anyone what they think it is and most people will probably tell you, “Oh, that’s where the governments keeps all the space aliens.”

This remote Air Force base in the middle of the Nevada desert—it’s about 150 miles from Las Vegas—has been the subject of some weird rumors over the years. There’s the alien conspiracy, of course, which dates back to 1947, when an extraterrestrial craft supposedly crashed in Roswell, New Mexico, and the ship and alien bodies were brought back to the base to be studied. But that’s the least of the secret goings-on at Area 51.

There are rumors that this is where the government is secretly controlling our weather, where time travel machines are being developed, and perhaps the most insane story, where they keep the mutant midgets caught flying Soviet planes. Peter Merlin, the historian and author who’s been investigating Area 51 for over three decades, says, “The forbidden aspect of Area 51 is what makes people want to know what’s there.”

17 – The Taos Hum

In the small town of Taos in north-central New Mexico, there’s a buzzing sound, or maybe a low-frequency drone, that’s been annoying and / or fascinating people since at least the early 1990s. What the heck is it? The townspeople completed to Congress in 1993, and various studies have been conducted trying to figure out what’s actually going on. Attempts to find a source have come up empty-handed. Is it a high-pressure gas line? Industrial equipment? Low-frequency electromagnetic radiation? Or maybe top-secret military experiments that the government doesn’t want us to know about? So far, nobody’s been able to find the culprit, and the mystery endures.

A variety of theories have been offered as an explanation, ranging from the mundane to the fantastic, the psychological to the paranormal. Stoned hippies, secret government mind control experiments, underground UFO bases and everything in between have been blamed. The hum seems to have first been reported in the early 1990s. Joe Mullins, a professor emeritus of engineering at the University of New Mexico, conducted research into the Taos Hum. Based on a survey of residents, about 2 percent of the general population was believed to be “hearers,” those who claimed to detect the hum. Sensitive equipment was set up in the homes of several of the “hearers,” measuring sounds and vibrations but after extensive testing nothing unusual was detected.

The research revealed, however, that there was not a single identifiable Taos Hum but instead several different ones that people reported; some describe it as whir, hum or buzz. The fact that not everyone heard the same thing was puzzling, and suggests that they may have been reporting subjective experiences instead of objective sounds.

18 – The Bimini Road

In 1968, dozens of huge flat rocks of limestone were discovered under the seabed, close to the coast of Bimini in the Bahamas islands. At first glance, there was nothing surprising. However, scientists were troubled because these stones formed a perfectly straight boulevard one km long that appeared unlikely to be created by nature. Many said that those were the ruins of an ancient world civilization, others were convinced that it was a unique natural phenomenon. However, none of them can ignore a prophecy made in the early decades of the twentieth century.

A famous prophet and healer of that time, Edgar Cayce, made the following prediction in 1938: “A part of the ruins of the Lost Atlantis will be discovered in the sea around the islands of Bimini… “. There were others who claimed to have seen pyramids and ruins of buildings on the sea floor near Bimini, but the only confirmed discovery is the Bimini Road, whose origin still troubles scientists.

19 – The Piri Reis Map

The Piri Reis map was accidentally discovered in 1929 in a Turkish museum, and since then, no logical explanation for its illustrations has been found. In 1513, Turkish admiral Piri Reis designed the map of the world which included Portugal, Spain, West Africa, Central and South Atlantic, the Caribbean, the eastern half of South America and a part of Antarctica. It is believed that there were also North America and the rest of the eastern half of the world in the pieces of the map that were probably destroyed over the years.

The point is that this map is so accurate in detail that it raises a question: how could an admiral of the 16th century design the entire Earth without the possibility of aerial observation? How is it possible to separate the continents and coasts in their correct distances without the knowledge of the method of Azimuthal projection or spherical trigonometry required for mapping? And how did he design the Antarctic that had not been officially discovered at that time?

20 – The Shroud of Turin

THE 53-SQUARE-FOOT RECTANGLE of linen known as the Shroud of Turin is one of the most sacred religious icons (and unsolved mysteries) on Earth, venerated by millions of Christians as the actual burial garment of Jesus Christ. It is also among the most fiercely debated subjects in contemporary science, an extraordinary mystery that has defied every effort at solution.

Over the 117 years since a photographic negative of the linen unexpectedly revealed the image of a tortured body, ranks of physicists and chemists have weighed in on the fabric’s age and the image’s composition. Forensic pathologists, microbiologists, and botanists have analyzed its bloodstains, along with specks of dirt and pollen on its surface. Statisticians have combed through mountains of data.

The sum result is a standoff, with researchers unable to dismiss the shroud entirely as a forgery, or prove that it is authentic. Although the Vatican has affirmed that it is not authentic, the Holy Shroud remains an unsolved mystery for humanity. It is a shroud with an imprinted image of a bearded male adult on it. Throughout the fabric, there are signs of blood, which shows that this man was probably crucified and then his body was covered with this piece of cloth.

Understandably, many believe it is the burial cloth of Jesus Christ which covered his body after the Crucifixion, as the weave of the fabric refers to the epoch he lived in and the signs of blood confirm the death in the same manner as that of Christ. Some other scientists believe that the shroud was created much later, between the 13th and the 14th centuries. Even if it is a coincidence and not the burial cloth of Christ, the mystery remains: what happened to the real shroud that covered his body after the Crucifixion?

This is part 2 of 2. Click here to read the other part of Unsolved Mysteries.

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